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How to run WordPress on MongoDB

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While WordPress is built to work with a MySQL database, it is possible to use MongoDB as an alternative database management system. However, it requires some technical expertise and configuration.

Here are the general steps to run WordPress on MongoDB:

Install MongoDB: Install MongoDB on your server or local machine. You can find installation instructions on the official MongoDB website.

Install the MongoDB PHP Driver: Next, install the MongoDB PHP driver on your server. This will allow WordPress to communicate with the MongoDB database. You can find installation instructions on the official MongoDB website.

Install WordPress: Install WordPress on your server or local machine as you normally would, but do not configure it to use MySQL.

Configure WordPress: To configure WordPress to use MongoDB, you'll need to edit the wp-config.php file in your WordPress installation directory. Add the following lines of code:

define('DB_NAME', 'your_database_name');
define('DB_USER', 'your_mongodb_username');
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'your_mongodb_password');
define('DB_HOST', 'mongodb://localhost:27017');
define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');
define('DB_COLLATE', '');
define('FS_METHOD', 'direct');

Create a MongoDB Database: Create a MongoDB database for your WordPress installation. You can do this using the MongoDB shell or a graphical user interface.

Import WordPress Data: Import your WordPress data into the MongoDB database. You can use a plugin like WP MongoDB Backup to export your WordPress data in a format that MongoDB can understand.

Test Your Installation: Test your WordPress installation to make sure everything is working as expected. You may need to troubleshoot any issues that arise.

It's important to note that while using MongoDB with WordPress can provide some benefits, such as improved scalability and performance, it is a non-standard configuration and may require more maintenance and troubleshooting than a standard MySQL installation. It's also worth considering that some WordPress plugins and themes may not be compatible with MongoDB.

Single-File WordPress Plugin: Seamless MySQL to MongoDB Migration

Creating a WordPress plugin to switch from MySQL to MongoDB is a complex task that involves not only creating a plugin but also migrating the entire database and ensuring compatibility with WordPress. Here, I'll provide a simplified example of how you can create a basic WordPress plugin that connects to MongoDB and displays a list of posts from MongoDB instead of MySQL. Please note that this is a simplified example, and a full-scale migration would require much more work and consideration.

Step 1: Prepare your environment

Make sure you have MongoDB installed and running. Install the MongoDB PHP driver for WordPress to connect to MongoDB. Step 2: Create the plugin directory and main PHP file.

Create a folder named mongodb-switcher inside the wp-content/plugins directory. Inside this folder, create a PHP file named mongodb-switcher.php.

Step 3: Write the plugin code.

Here's a simple example of what your mongodb-switcher.php file could contain:

request, 'SELECT * FROM wp_posts') !== false) {
        // Connect to MongoDB
        $mongo = new MongoDB\Client('mongodb://localhost:27017');
        $collection = $mongo->your_db_name->your_collection_name;

        // Fetch posts from MongoDB
        $result = $collection->find([], ['projection' => ['post_title' => 1, 'post_content' => 1]]);

        // Build an array of posts
        $posts = [];
        foreach ($result as $document) {
            $post = (array) $document;
            $post['ID'] = $post['_id'];
            $posts[] = $post;

        // Build a new query for posts
        $new_sql = "SELECT * FROM wp_posts WHERE 1=0";
        foreach ($posts as $post) {
            $new_sql .= " OR ID = {$post['ID']}";

        // Replace the original SQL query
        $sql = $new_sql;

    return $sql;

This code will replace the default MySQL query for fetching posts with a MongoDB query. However, this is a very simplified example, and you'll need to adapt it to your specific MongoDB setup and handle more complex queries, custom post types, and other WordPress features.

Step 4: Activate the plugin.

Go to your WordPress admin dashboard, navigate to "Plugins," and activate the "MongoDB Switcher" plugin.

Please keep in mind that migrating an entire WordPress site from MySQL to MongoDB is a complex task, and this example provides only a basic starting point. You should thoroughly test this plugin in a controlled environment and consider hiring a developer experienced with both WordPress and MongoDB for a production-level migration. Additionally, make sure to back up your WordPress site and database before attempting any migration.